The Potala Palace is located on the red hills in the northwest of the Tibetan capital Lhasa. It’s over 110 meters high, and about 360 meters wide from east to west. With 13-layer palace architecture, the Potala Palace is a grand castle-style building group. The whole building covers an area of over 100,000 square meters, and contains thousands of rooms, and people can overlook it dozens of miles away, thus, it becomes an important symbol of Lhasa. Whenever there are festivals, the palace is crammed with buddhists who believe in Tibetan Buddhism, therefore it’s well-known Buddhist shrine. In 1961, the Potala Palace was officially ratified by the State Council as one of the first batch of national key cultural relics protection units. In 1994, it was inscribed on the list of World Cultural Heritage. And it became the first 5A-level scenic spots in Tibet in 2013.
The Potala Palace is well-known as the “Pearl of the roof of the world”. It is a sign of Lhasa and even Qinghai-Tibet plateau, and also Tibetan regime center before. As the world’s highest and most magnificent palace, it collects plenty of historical relics and handcrafts, but also preciously keeps the unique cultural heritage of the snow-covered plateau. The Potala Palace is world-famous for its palaces layout, civil engineering, metal smelting, painting, sculpture, and so on, which embodies the great achievements in superb craftsmanship and Tibatan architectural art from Tibetans, as well as Han Chinese, Mongolians and Manchus. The Potala Palace was selected into the World Heritage List in December, 1994.
Standing on the Red hill of Lhasa, the Potala Palace is the lighthouse of the entire snow-covered plateau. In any corner of Lhasa and Tibet, you will always find people fold palms and piously worship towards her. Meanwhile, as the world’s highest and most majestic palace with 1300-years history, it extends Tibetan brilliant culture boundlessly. The Potala Palace is the real heritage of the world, and you can touch and deeper understand it. Without the decorations, it is really the outstanding representative of castle-style buildings with Tibetan architectural characteristics. Tibetans take it as the reward and gift of life if they are lucky to enter the Potala Palace, and many tourists are no exception.
The Potala Palace was not built vastly in the early stage, but it gradually expanded afterwards. A few generations of Dalai Lama also successively participated in the expansion and design of the palace, which cost huge totally. Until 1936, the Potala Palace finally took shape when the 13th Dalai Lama finished buliding his stupa hall. Until then, it became a true multi-storey building that consisted of palaces, buddhist temples and stupa halls. Sometimes this building is more like a mysterious symbol, which attracts quite many people to Tibet, and to the love palace ever since Tubo period resolutely.
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